A Little Collage History
The first techniques of using collage are said to have occurred in China around 200 BC when paper was invented. Xin Song recreates ancient cut paper techniques in "Tree of Life" , 2012.
Some collage techniques appeared in Medieval Europe in the 13th century but the most famous collage artist working in the 18th century was Mary Delaney. She created very detailed, botanically correct floral collages using tissue paper and hand-colored papers. She called them "Paper Mosaiks" and completed 1700 of these from the age of 71-88.
But some art authorities hold to the view that collage was never properly a part of "fine art" until the works of Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso in the 19th century. They used collage techniques in conjunction with painting, forcing the examination of art as a process and concept rather than an end product. And the use of newsprint in their collages brought new meaning in relation to current events and social issues.
Here, Picasso included oil cloth, (similar to modern day contact paper) in this collage called "Still Life with Chair Caning".
There are many collage artists currently. One of my favorites is Laura Breitman. Her collages are almost photorealistic. This piece called " Maple" is absolutely stunning !
Collaging fabric or paper or almost anything opens up a whole new world of expression for an artist.